Friday Edition – No 29


Women in the Army of Imam al-Mahdi (aj)

Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (a):

“There will be thirteen women alongside al-Qa’im [when he makes his advent].”

He was asked: “What will be their role?”

The Imam (a) replied, “They will treat the injured and look after the sick just as the [women did] at the time of the Messenger of Allah (s) [during the battles].”

(Ithbaat al-Hudaat, v.7, p.150)

Muhammad (s): A Personification of the Divine Character (2)

1 His eyes were lowered.

2. His gaze toward the ground was longer than his gaze toward the sky.

3. He would look with short glances.

4. He was the first to say ‘salaam’ to whomever he met.

5. He never reserved a place specifically for himself and forbade others to have places reserved for them.

6. When he arrived at a gathering, he sat wherever there was a place to sit.

7. His gathering was a gathering of forbearance, respect, honesty and trust. There were no raised voices in it, and neither were there any evil imputations. Nobody’s mistakes were repeated outside the gathering. Those who were in the gathering were fair to one another.

8. He never talked unnecessarily; his discourse was relevant and concise.

9. He was soft-spoken and never rude or insulting.

10. He would consider blessings to be great even if they were small, never complaining about them.

(Sunan al-Nabi (Eng), Allamah Tabataba’i, p.5-7)

Fiqh Corner

Khums – Part 3

Question 1: When does payment of Khums become Wajib?

Answer: Payment of Khums becomes Wajib at the beginning of the new financial year on the profit or surplus of the last year’s income.

You are allowed to fix any day of the year (according to Hijrah or Christian calendar) as the beginning of your year.  Then you may every year count the surplus of your income on that day and pay Khums. It is always easier to count from the day you start earning.

Question 2: How should I go about fixing a date for my Khums payment.  Do I have more than one choice?

According to Ayatullah Khui (r) and Ayatullah Seestani (h), you have two options for fixing your date for payment of Khums:

Option 1:

You can fix only one date of calculating and paying Khums due for the year in respect of all your savings and unused articles existing as at that date. In this case, you have to pay Khums even on those unused items acquired or income received only a few days or even a day before your Khums payable as at that date.

Option 2:

You fix several dates of payment of Khums for different types of items and income but if you use this option, you will have to keep a strict account of each income received and each item acquired separately for the whole year, as you will have to pay khums regularly on every due date in respect of each item acquired and income received.

Note 1: Payment of Khums becomes obligatory one year after acquiring the income or the article unused as at that date.

Note 2: Khums is to be paid once-off; that is once you have paid the Khums due on an article, then it is not wajib to pay it again even if it remains unused for the coming years.

Option 1 is simple to use because you have only one fixed date for calculating Khums due, but you may have to pay a higher amount of Khums due in a year.

Option 2 is difficult to use but the advantage is that you are likely to pay less Khums due in a year.

Ayatullah Khui (r) and Ayatullah Seestani (h) have also allowed to use the two options simultaneously for payment of your Khums.

For example, you can fix one date for payment of Khums due on all your household savings and regular monthly income, and fix a separate date for any big income received or article received during the year.

(Courtesy of Br. Yusuf Kermalli)

Mu’awiyah and the Practice of Cursing Ali bin Abi Talib (a)

According to historical reports, Mu’awiyah b. Abi Sufyan was the person who initiated the practice of cursing (la’n) of Ali b. Abi Talib from the pulpits of the mosques throughout the Islamic world.

This practice continued in the Islamic world for more than 60 years, and was abolished by Umar b. Abd al-Aziz in 99/100 H.

One day Mu’awiyah was sitting with his associates and Ahnaf bin Qays was also present. In the meantime, a Syrian came and began delivering a speech. At the end of his speech he abused Ali b. Abi Talib.

Thereupon, Ahnaf said to Mu’awiyah: “Sir! If this man comes to know that you are pleased if the prophets are cursed, he will curse them also. Fear Allah and do not bother about Ali any longer. He has since met his Lord. He is now alone in his grave and only his acts are with him. I swear by Allah, that his sword was very pure and his dress too was very clean and neat. His tragedy is great.”

The following conversation then took place between Ahnaf b. Qays and Mu’awiyah:

Mu’awiyah: “O Ahnaf! You have thrown dust in my eyes and have said whatever you liked. By Allah, you will have to mount the pulpit and curse Ali. If you do not curse him willingly you will be compelled to do so.”

Ahnaf: “It will be better for you to excuse me from doing this. However, even if you compel me I will not utter any such words.”

Mu’awiyah: “Get up and mount the pulpit.”

Ahnaf: “When I mount the pulpit I shall act justly.”

Mu’awiyah: “If you act justly what will you say?”

Ahnaf: “After mounting the pulpit I shall praise the Allah and shall then say this: ‘O People! Mu’awiyah has ordered me to curse Ali. No doubt Ali and Mu’awiyah fought with each other. Each one of them claimed that he and his party had been wronged. Hence, when I pray to Allah, all of you should say Ammin’. Then [O Mu’awiyah] I shall say: ‘O Allah! Curse him who is a rebel out of these two, and let Your angels and prophets and all other creatures curse him. O Allah! Shower Your curses on the rebellious group. O People! Say ‘Amen’.’ O Mu’awiyah! I shall not say anything more or less than this even if I have to lose my life.”

Mu’awiyah: “In that case I excuse you [from mounting the pulpit and cursing Ali].”

(‘Iqd-al-Farid, v.2 p.144; and Mustatraf, v.1, p.54; quoting from ‘Voice of Human Justice’, p.310 & 311)

Scientific Facts which are not Taught in Modern Schools! (3)

4. What is Taught: Until the 14th century, the only type of clock available was the water clock. In 1335, a large mechanical clock was erected in Milan, Italy. This was possibly the first weight-driven clock.

What Should be Taught: A variety of mechanical clocks were produced by Spanish Muslim engineers, both large and small, and this knowledge was transmitted to Europe through Latin translations of Islamic books on mechanics.

These clocks were weight-driven. Designs and illustrations of epi-cyclic and segmental gears were provided. One such clock included a mercury escapement. The latter type was directly copied by Europeans during the 15th century.

In addition, during the 9th century, Ibn Firnas of Islamic Spain, according to Will Durant, invented a watch-like device which kept accurate time. The Muslims also constructed a variety of highly accurate astronomical clocks for use in their observatories.

“Be careful of a Mu’min’s wit, for he sees by the light of Allah, the Most High.”

– Holy Prophet (s)

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